Fothergilla major 'VELHO'
Fothergilla major 'Velho' is a small, upright, densely branching and regularly round deciduous bush. At the age of ten years, the bush is 0,8 meters high and wide in shape. The broad oval leaves resemble those of common alder, Alnus glutinosa, but they are glossy green and leathery thick. The autumn colour is yellow, sometimes partly red. The rich and annually returning flowering begins in late May and lasts 2-4 weeks, depending on the weather conditions. The creamy white flowers at the ends of the shoots are tuft-like, 5 cm long and upright spikes. The bush is not susceptible to any pests or diseases. 'Velho' has been successful in experiments in Central Finland, surviving even the cold winters in the 1980's.
Hydrangea paniculata 'GRANDIFLORA'
This hydrangea clone flowers in Southern Finland in August and September. The bush has succeeded in experiments in Southern Finland, and as fartht in the north as in Sotkamo, where it, however, does not always have time to flower properly.
Hydrangea paniculata 'MUSTILA'
'Mustila' is a healthy and hardy hydrangea that shapes up beautifully right from the beginning and becomes ultimately two meters high. The flowering is rich every year, beginning in Southern Finland in late July or early August, and in North-Eastern Finland (Kainuu) 1-2 weeks later. The inflorescence is about 15 cm high, upright, graceful and like lace. Most of the flowers are small and starlike, and in each inflorescence there are a few big sterile ray flowers with 4 petals. At first, the flowers are creamy white, but later they turn red. 'Mustila' flowers richly and shapes up beautifully even without annual pruning. It is beautiful as a solitary bush and also suitable for groups or freely growing hedges. 'Mustila' is (winter)hardy in Southern and Central Finland and has also done well in the Kainuu district.
Hydrangea paniculata 'PRAECOX'
The old cultivar Hydrangea paniculata 'Praecox' offers a good alternative to 'Grandiflora' in plantations where an earlier flowering is desirable. Flowering begins in Southern Finland after mid-July, in North-Eastern Finland (Kainuu) 1-2 weeks later. 'Praecox' flowers richly and shapes up beautifully even without regular pruning. It is beautiful as a solitary bush, but also suitable for groups or freely growing hedges. 'Praecox' is hardy in Southern and Central Finland and has done well even in the Kainuu district.
HONEYSUCKLE Lonicera x bella 'DROPMORE'
The Canadian honeysuckle cultivar 'Dropmore' is a broad and dense bush with small dark green leaves. The bush flowers very richly with small white flowers. The bright red berries are big and glossy. The bush is resistant to diseases and pests. 'Dropmore' is successful in Southern Finland. 'Dropmore' is suitable for backgrounds and shelters, but it also is beautiful as a solitary bush.
HONEYSUCKLE Lonicera x bella 'SAKURA'
'Sakura' is a vigorously growing and dense honeysuckle that is broad in form. The twigs are slightly bending. The bush becomes ultimately about 3 meters high. The leaves are light green, mat and hairy. The bush is resistant to diseases and pests. Flowering is very rich, the flowers are pale pink and two-coloured. The orange-red berries have a mat skin. The bush tolerates dry quite well. 'Sakura' is beautiful as a solitary bush, but it also is suitable for groups, e.g. in ramps. It has done well in Southern Finland.
MOCK ORANGE Philadelphus Lewisii hybrid 'TÄHTISILMÄ'
'Tähtisilmä' is a hardy and dense mock orange which grows up to 2-3 meters high. The flowering begins at the end of June. The mildly scented flowers are pure white and about 5 cm in diameter. The bush has succeeded in experiments in Southern Finland, and also in Northern Finland as a low ground-covering bush.
MOCK ORANGE Philadelphus pubescens 'TUOMAS'
Mock orange 'Tuomas' is a true- to-type Philadelphus pubescens clone. It flowers richly in July. 'Tuomas' has done well in Southern Finland.
Rhododendron x fraseri
Rhododendron fraserii is the hardiest azalea in Finland. It is completely hardy in Arboretum Mustila in Southern Finland, and it has also done well in Central Finland. The flowering begins in the third week of May and ends in the first week of June and is repeated every year very richly, covering the whole bush. Flowers are papilionaceous in shape and rose-red purple in colour.
ROSE PAPULA Rosa Pimpinellifolia 'PAPULA'
Rose Papula belongs to a group of modest pimpinellaroses that survive well all over the country. This rose was named after the Papula Mansion in Vyborg from where it has been brought to other places in Finland as well. The bush is roundish, dense and quite flat, usually around 1-1,5 meters. The grow is restrained but the bush sprouts plenty. Dark green leaves are fairly small and theres around 5-9 round ended leaflets. The vein is always spiky from the beneath surface. Rose Papula comes into flower some days after the burnet rose. When the flowers blossom theyre very roundish, warm pink, strongly scented and the colour lightens as they blossom and the yellow stamina can be seen. The flower retains its roundish shape the whole time. The rosehips mature to the colour of dark claret. Rose Papula is modest about the site but blossoms best in a sunny spot.
Rosa pimpinellifolia 'PLENA'
Rosa pimpinellifolia 'Plena' is perhaps the most popular burnet rose in Finland, the genuine "Midsummer rose". It is (winter)hardy even in the southern part of Lapland.
Rosa Pimpinellifolia hybrid 'JUHANNUSMORSIAN'
The pimpinella-leaved rose 'Juhannusmorsian' ("Midsummer bride" in Finnish) is much like 'Plena' with small, dark green leaflets and scented double flowers. The flowers are pale pink in colour. 'Juhannusmorsian' is, like 'Plena', very (winter)hardy and spreads vigorously by sprouts.
Rosa Pimpinellifolia hybrid 'POPPIUS'
'Poppius' is an old rose cultivar with scented, pink coloured double flowers. It flowers a little later than 'Plena'. The bush is long-lived and reaches the height of two metres. 'Poppius' is (winter)hardy even in the southern parts of Lapland.
GROUND COVER WILLOW Salix x aurora 'TUHKIMO'
Ground cover willow which is ideal as a ground cover, is a bush that can be about half a meter tall. Its leaves are small, dark green, shiny and resemble the leaves of a cotoneaster. The sprouts are dark red-brown. Female inflorescence opens early in the summer at the same time with the leaves. The bushes grow thicker in sunny spots. Ground cover willow is very hardy up to Northern Ostrobothnia and there has not been any notice of significant pests or plant diseases.
LANDSCAPING WILLOW Salix glauca var. callicarpaea 'HALTIA'
Landscaping willow is a bush that grows up to be ca half a meter. It is originally from Greenland and it is suitable as a land cover. The leaves are grey and fuzzy and the sprouts are reddish. The inflorescences that appear in summer right after the leaves come out are light grey and fuzzy. The autumn color is bright yellow but it doesnt really have any importance considering the scenery as they fall off quickly after turning yellow. The willow is most comfortable in sunny spots where the soil is unfertile. The bushes are very hardy up to Northern Ostrobothnia.
SPIRAEA Spiraea alba 'ALLIKKO'
Spiraea alba 'Allikko' is an upright branching, dense bush that reaches the height of about 1,5 meters. With plenty of runners, the bush spreads vigorously. The leaves are narrow and oblong. 'Allikko' has white flowers that open in mid- July, and the flowering lasts long. Growing easily in many different habitats, it is excellent for shelters and freely growing hedges. It even tolerates wet soil and shade. 'Allikko' is successful in almost whole Finland, except in the northernmost Lapland.
SPIRAEA Spiraea Chamedryfolia 'MARTTI'
Spiraea Chamedryfolia has curvy branches and upright grown. It is a thick bush that in the age of 5 is ca 1 meter tall and wide. Inflorescence is a 2-3 cm wide panicle in which the diameter of a single flower is about 1 cm. The colour of the petals is white. The flowering time of the bush is in the beginning of June in the Southern parts of Finland. In the autumn the color of the bush is yellowish but with some shades of red. 'Martti' is suitable for many different spots as groups or as a fence. Spiraea Chamedryfolia has succeeded in tests in Piikkiö, Pälkänne and Ruukki. In Sotkamo and Rovanniemi it has survived better than other Spiraea Chamedryfolia stocks as more than half of the seedlings are in good conditions there as well.
SPIRAEA Spiraea beauverdiana 'LUMIKKI'
Spiraea beauverdiana 'Lumikki' is a low, very densely covering small bush, which forms a tufty round population. The leaves are small, round and dark green. The small white flowers bloom in late June in Southern Finland, and the flowering lasts long. The bush is modest for habitat and it is successful in Northern Finland, too. Because of its covering power, this spiraea suits particularly well for use as a ground-covering bush.
SPIRAEA Spiraea x watsoniana 'KRUUNU'
'Kruunu' is an upright branching, dense spiraea that grows up to 1 meter high. In Southern Finland, the dark rose-coloured flowers open in early July. The wide conical inflorescence is splendid, and flowering lasts long. Modest for habitat, 'Kruunu' is suitable for freely growing hedges and groups, but it is impressive as a small plantation, too. It is hardy as north as in Rovaniemi.
LILAC Syringa x josiflexa 'VEERA'
Lilac was bred as a hybrid between Hungarian lilac and nodding lilac (S. josikaea x reflexa) and it is clearly hardier than nodding lilac. During many years of testing it has proved to be a very strong, healthy and reliable bush even on zones VI and VII. 'Veera' grows upwards, is regularly shaped, not very wide but thick bush. The leaves are dark green. Inflorescences are quite big and rich, vertical and reddish with a shade of dark lilac. Flowering period is in the end of June. As other syringas it succeeds best in sunny or partly shady spots that are rich in nutrition. The lilac is suitable both for fences and to be grown as a single bush.
SHEEP BERRY Viburnum lentago 'JENKKI'
Sheep berry 'Jenkki' is a large bush or a small tree. It grows almost branchless up to 4-5 meters tall. It is very bushy and healthy compared to other varieties. Its leaves are big, thick and shiny and they get impressive reddish colour in the autumn. The yellowish white flowers in the panicle open in June and they have an unpleasant smell. The berries are black and wax-coated. The decorative value of sheep berries is based on the showy way the plant grows and the great foliage. Sheep berry is a rare variety met in old parks and mansions gardens. 'Jenkki' survives both in moist and dry places and is especially good as a fence. Sheep berry succeeds well at least up to Middle-Finland
SNOWBALL (TREE) Viburnum opulus 'POHJAN NEITO'
'Pohjan Neito' is a north-eastern type of snowball (tree) Viburnum opulus 'Roseum'. It differs from 'Roseum' for both appearance and (winter)hardiness by being denser and hardier. The bush reaches ultimately the height of 2-4 meters. 'Pohjan Neito' has done well in experiments as north as in Rovaniemi near the Polar circle. It is suitable for use in built surroundings as a solitary bush and groups or freely growing hedges.
STRAWBERRY Fragaria x ananassa 'BOUNTY'
'Bounty' produces rather big, dark red strawberries mellowing at the same time as or slightly later than those of 'Senga'. In comparison with 'Senga', 'Bounty' also yields larger crops and is more resistant to grey mould. No susceptibility to mildew has been observed in Finland, while in the other Nordic countries cases of mildew contamination have occurred.
SEA BUCKTHORN Hippophae rhamnoides 'TERHI', 'TYTTI' and 'TARMO'
Carpel varieties 'Terhi' and 'Tytti' and stamen variety 'Tarmo' grow restrainedly and are shaped round or oblong. 'Terhi' and 'Tytti' are 1,5-2 meters and 'Tarmo' 2-3 meters. All the varieties have several felled and lopped poles, are densely branched and somewhat spiky. They are frost resistant at least in the altitudes of Ruukki and Sotkamo and also stand black scurf and stem canker disease well.
The varieties are rich in flowers. 'Tarmo' can pollinate both carpel varieties and also older, Finnish variety called 'Raisa'. Domestic variety 'Rudolf' can also be used to pollinate 'Terhi' and 'Tytti'. The orange berries from Terhi and Tytti are elongated and ca 12 mm long and weight ca 0,5-0,6 grams. They have very high content of vitamin C; usually more than 200mg/100g, even 300mg/100g in 'Tytti'. A full grown bush gives crop 3-8 kg. The berries in the bushes stay well even for a period of one month.
APPLE Malus domestica 'KONSTA'
'Konsta' is a late autumn or winter variety that is harvested in late September. Apples ripen for use within two weeks in storage and keep until December. The apples are almost completely red in colour and large or medium-sized in size. The flesh is white and coarse, and the taste is acid and mild-scented. The apples are suitable for cooking. The tree is quite strongly built and fairly broad in shape. The variety is hardy in Southern Finland. No apple scab (Venturia) contamination has been observed.
APPLE Malus domestica 'PEKKA'
Apple tree 'Pekka' is originated from a cross-breeding where Lobo -variety was pollinated with a pollen from variety 'Huvitus'. The branch angle of the tree is wide and the way of growth is open. 'Pekka' is an autumn variety; the harvest time for apples is in the mid September and they start to be ready to eat a few weeks after that, in the end of September. The 'Pekka' apples remain in good condition for a month in stock. What makes the variety special is the color of the apples; the skin is dark purple and the color is also found in the flesh. The apples are quite small, regularly shaped, wide and conical. Strong, dark skin tolerates handling well. The taste of the apple is sweet. The variety is reasonably hardy and isn't sensitive to scab if normal and IP-control is used. The mites don't cause any significant damages. 'Pekka' is best suitable for home gardens but it has its place as a specialty also in professional cultivation. The variety is a good pollinator for many summer and autumn varieties.
APPLE Malus domestica 'PIRJA'
'Pirja' is an early summer variety: the apples are harvested in mid-August and their storage-life is two weeks. The apples are round in shape, medium-sized or small, and they are coloured yellow with red stripes. The taste is pleasant, with a mild aroma. The apples are delicious for eating out-of-hand. The tree grows in a restrained manner, and reaches fruit-bearing age within a couple of years from planting. 'Pirja' is hardy in Central Finland and even further north.
APPLE TREE Malus domestica 'RANETKA PURPUROVAJA'
'Ranetka Purpurovaja' was bred in the beginning of the 90s in Russia. The tree grows restrainedly, is quite narrow crowded and the branches hang a little. The tree flowers early, sometimes even as 2 years old, and the inflorescence and apple crop are later on quite big. The flowers are white and long stemmed. The fruits are small, 1,2-3cm in diameter, roundish, flat and completely red. As in crab apples in general, the calyx separates from the apple. The apples have their full colour in the end of August or beginning of September and stay in the tree for a long time. Birds eat the apples during the winter but otherwise they're no use. The tree is well suitable for utilization or as a decoration. Ornamental apple trees have abundant blooming so they can be used to pollinate many crab apple trees. 'Ranetka Purpurovaja' is hardy at least up to zone IV but there are some promising results from zone V too.
APPLE Malus domestica 'SAMO'
'Samo' is an early autumn variety: the apples are harvested in early September and they keep till October. The round or slightly conical apples are medium-sized or large and yellow in colour. The amount of rust cover colour varies annually. The flesh is yellowish white, crisp and juicy. The taste is pleasantly fresh and acidiferous. Growing in a rich and broad manner, the tree is strongly built and bears the abundant crops without difficulty. 'Samo' blooms early in spring and yields its first crops at an early age. 'Samo' apples are delicious to eat out-of-hand, but they also suit well for cooking.
APPLE Malus domestica 'SANDRA'
'Sandra' is an autumn variety that is harvested in mid- September. The apples are ripe to eat in late September, and their storage-life is about one month. The apples are conical in shape and medium-sized or large in size. The background colour is yellow-green and it is more or less completely covered by red stripes. The flesh is rather coarse, greenish white and juicy. With a pleasant taste, 'Sandra' apples are excellent for eating out-of-hand. The tree is quite strongly built and yields moderate crops. 'Sandra' is hardy in Southern Finland. Apple scab (Venturia) contamination is possible.
SOUR CHERRY Prunus cerasus 'INKEROISTEN KUULASMARJA'
The variety is originated from Anjalankoski, Inkeroinen. It is a berry with quite big, vermilion, sweet and juicy berries. The fruit flesh is fair and the juice is clear. The crop ripens after mid July. Young trees develop quickly and the variety gives crop earlier than sour cherries in average. The trees are high yielding, tree-like and have a round crown. As the trees grow in an ornamental way they are also used for decorations. The variety survives well at least in the altitude of the city of Jyväskylä. Another sour cherry growing nearby ensures that the flowers are pollinated.
SOUR CHERRY Prunus cerasus 'RAUHALAN MORELLI'
A tasty variety from Pihtipuhtaa. Young trees grow mainly as single trunks. The top is relatively narrow and conical. When the tree blossoms it is slightly pink-tinted as its sepals and the centre of the flowers are reddish. The variety can also be used as decorative trees. Sour cherries are usually very sour and are mainly suitable for juices and jams. However, 'Rauhalan Morelli' 's berries can be also eaten fresh as the they are clearly sweeter and bigger than for example the berries from varieties such as 'Stevnsbär' or 'Mustilan Morelli' which are known to be sour. The berries are still smaller than the ones from 'Varjomorelli', a variety that also has visibly different growing habits. The variety survives up to zone IV.
SOUR CHERRY Prunus cerasus 'Sikkolan Kuulasmarja'
Sour cherry 'Sikkolan Kuulasmarja' is from Leppävesi, Laukaa. The tree grows fast when it's young and is ready to harvest around the age of 5. The variety usually blooms richly each year and its blooming period is quite long. Annual changes in the crop yield are however typical to sour cherries as the weather conditions during the flowering, pollination and the development of unripe berries defines the success of the crop. This variety also makes berries on its own but another sour cherry nearby ensures that the pollination successes and makes the crop richer. The birds like the delicious berries as well so the trees must be covered when the first berries start to redden. The trees tolerate pruning well so they can be shaped by removing the sprouts growing upward from the top. The variety survives well in zones III-IV.
PLUM Prunus domestica 'KUOKKALA'
Originating from Central Finland, 'Kuokkala' is a high- quality and hardy plum variety. Resembling the fruit of 'Victoria', the plums are medium-sized with yellow background colour that is partly covered by red. When ripened in storage, the plums turn purple. The juicy and tasty plums can be served as such but they are also suitable for preserve making. The storage-life is 2- 3 weeks. The tree grows in a restrained manner, with an open crown and nearly horizontal branches, which do not break easily. Young sprouts are red on the light side. The variety is self-pollinated and hardy in Southern and Central Finland.
PLUM Prunus domestica 'SINIKKA'
'Sinikka' is named after its dark blue plums (the Finnish word for 'blue' is sininen). The plums are rather sweet and aromatic. They mellow in late August, and do not easily drop or peel off. They are suitable for use as fresh or preserved. The tree grows in a restrained manner with a round crown and needs very little pruning. 'Sinikka' is self- pollinated and reaches the fruit-bearing age early. The tree is hardy in Southern and Central Finland, and with scanty root sprouts, it can be cultivated with own rootstock.
BLACK CURRANT Ribes nigrum 'MORTTI'
'Mortti' grows in an upright manner, reaching the height of 130-150 cm. This black currant variety is highly resistant to gooseberry mildew. 'Mortti' resembles 'Öjebyn' in many respects: They are equally hardy and productive and the berries are of the same size. The berries of 'Mortti' are black, round and fairly thick-peeled. Their rather strong taste is typical of black currant. The berries are suitable for use as fresh or preserved.
GREEN CURRANT Ribes nigrum 'VERTTI'
'Vertti' is an autogamous progeny of the black currant variety 'Öjebyn'. The bush resembles 'Öjebyn', but grows in a more restrained manner. 'Vertti' is resistant to gooseberry mildew and hardy in Southern Finland. Berries are round in shape and yellowish green in colour. The taste is typical of black currant but, when compared with 'Öjebyn', the flavour is somewhat weaker and the taste sweeter. The berries suit particularly well for use as fresh.
RED RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus 'JATSI'
The growth form of garden raspberry 'Jatsi' resembles that of 'Ottawa', which is one of its two parent stocks: The sprouts are rather thick and rigid, growing 1,5-2,5 metres high. There are not very many sprouts, so 'Jatsi' is easier to trim and support than 'Muskoka', allowing suspension in V- form. For winter hardiness, 'Jatsi' is quite like the other varieties grown in Finland, and it is slightly more productive. The berries mellow a few days later than those of 'Muskoka'. The flavoursome berries are oblong in shape, mat red in colour and they are larger, firmer and more consistent than 'Muskoka' and 'Ottava' raspberries. 'Jatsi' raspberries are excellent for use as fresh.
RED RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus 'MAURIN MAKEA'
'Maurin Makea' differs from the commonly cultivated garden raspberry varieties for its growth form: While the other varieties are normally up to 1,5-2 metres high, 'Maurin Makea' grows no more than 1 meter high and develops plenty of side sprouts, if the annual shoot is pruned. Thanks to its bush-like growth, 'Maurin Makea' needs practically no support, unlike the other garden raspberries. Berries develop in July mainly in the previous year's sprouts. The berries are medium-red, somewhat oblong and they come off easily. For productiveness, 'Maurin Makea' is competitive with other raspberries cultivated in Finland.
RED CURRANT Ribes Rubrum 'ROTES WUNDER KATRI'
'Rotes Wunder Katri' is a restrainedly growing redcurrant variety. Its berries are aromatic and beautifully red. The variety survives at least in zones I-IV.
HALF-HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRIES Vaccinium 'AINO' and 'ALVAR'
'Aino' and 'Alvar' are the first half-highbush blueberry varieties developed in Finland and recommended for fruit cultivation. Both varieties are hardy, with a large crop of large and tasty fruit. They are suitable for cultivation in conditions all over southern Finland, as far north as Vaasa and Kuopio. Harvesting is easy and quick, since the fruit grow in large clusters. Neither deseases nor pests have to date been encountered on these varieties, which are therefore also highly suitable for garden cultivation. In order to ensure cross- pollination, it is recommended that 'Aino' and 'Alvar' should be cultivated in parallel rows.
'Aino' is luxuriant in growth, producing plentiful, sturdy stems. The bushes grow to about 80-90 cm in height and are about a metre in diameter. The berries are large, blue in colour, and have a sweet, mild, aromatic flavour. They are excellent both for use as fresh fruit or for freezing.
'Alvar' is vigorous in growth, with plentiful, high stems. The height is typically about one metre. Large blue-coloured fruits mature over a period of 2- 3 weeks from the start of August. The flavour is moderately sweet and mild. The berries are excellent for freezing.